|From: Hans Nørgaard [email@example.com]|
Sent: 30. august 1998 18:51
Subject: The first Jersey Cows in USA
The first Jersey Cows in United States of America
In modern times the Jersey cow has become world famous, and a steady and
lucrative export trade has been built up, both in cows and bulls. Many fine
herds of Jerseys have been established in many countries, originally with stock
from islands farms. Although early reports of the exports of cattle are few, we
do know that in 1657 George Poingdestre and Peter Effard were sending cows
to America in small numbers.
George Poingdestre grew up at Swan Farm and then immigrated with his wife and
children to Middle Plantation (Williamsburg), Virginia.
Peter Effard was an Uncle to George. George's mother's brother. They seemed
to be in business
An Alderney Cow 1815
"The early importations of Jersey cattle into this country are most
difficult to trace. The animals were then called Alderneys, and the same name
was given to Guernsey cattle, of which a goodly number were brought over, and
they seem to have been interbred somewhat indiscriminately.
The earliest record of an Alderney cow in Pennsylvania, that I am aware of, will be found in Vol.IV,, page 155, of the Memoirs of the Philadelphia Society for Promotion of Agriculture. It is as follows.
I have upon my farm on the Delaware a cow of the Alderney breed, imported a
short time since by Mr. Wurts. She has been fed in the usual way with potatoes,
and during the last week the milk from her was kept separate, and yielded eight
pounds of butter. The cow is a small animal, and is supported with less food
than our ordinary stock.
Photograph [of portrait?] of William Wurts.
William Wurts [ b. circa 1786] with his brothers Charles and
Maurice, were businessmen of Philadelphia.
In a note on the same page, it is stated "that the cow above referred to
is now in the possession of another member of the Agricultural Society; and
after a fair trial made with her during last summer (1817), the superior
richness of her milk, when compared with that of other cows, has been fully
tested. She gave 9½ pounds of extremely rich, highly-coloured butter per
Germantown, Oct. 20, 1818
Richard Peters, Esq."
[Jersey Cattle. Edited by the Secretary [ 1. Volume of the American Jersey Herd Book 1871]
According to E. Parmalee Prentice this Alderney "cow seems to have come from Brixton, Surrey, England, where she was born in 1813 or 1814, her sire and dam being "two fullblooded Alderneys", though it is not known from what Island they came."
E. Parlamee Prentice
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