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George E. Waring - founder of the American Jersey Cattle Club

georgeewaringportrait.jpgGeorge E. Waring (1833-1898) settled in Newport, Rhode Island, in 1867, where he became the manager of Ogden farm. George E. Waring then devoted himself to agriculture and cattle-breeding and to engineering, until the latter occupation required his full attention in 1877. Mr. George Blanchard in Maine has recorded: "I was first attracted to the Jersey through Col. George E. Waring's articles in the American Agriculturist entitled "Ogden Farm Papers", appearing in every number". Waring was connected with various journals and edited the "herd registers of the American Jersey Cattle Club" in 1868-'81, of which organization he was one of the founders. His other works are "Elements of Agriculture" (New York, 1854) ; "Draining for Profit and Draining for Health" (1867); " Handy Book of Husbandry" (1870, now called "Book of the Farm") ; "A Farmer's Vacation" (Boston, 1875); "Whip and Spur" (1875) ; "Sanitary Drainage of Houses and Farms" (1876) ; "The Bride of the Rhine" (1877); " Village Improvements and Farm Villages" (1877) ; " Sanitary Condition of City and Country Dwelling-Houses" (187'7); "Tyrol and the Skirt of the Alps" (New York, 1879); "How to Drain a House" (1885) ; and "Sewerage and Land Drainage" (1888).
On two occasions George E. Waring paid a visit to the Channel Islands and he has given some important accounts on the Jersey breed- an essay, which was published in the American Jersey Cattle Club's  herd register, Vol. 1, (1871). A reprint of this essay came in 1872 and is also to be found in Willis P. Hazard's book: The Jersey, Alderney, and Guernsey Cow: Their History, Nature and Management. (Philadelphia c.
1872). From his 1873 trip to the Channel Islands through the Netherlands, parts of Brittany and Normandy he gave an account in Schribner's Monthly 1875 (Old Jersey, August, Guernsey and Sark, September).  "A Farmer's Vacation" (Boston, 1875) is a reprint from Schribner's Monthly, but the chapter dealing with the Jersey breed has been rewrited.
When the Jersey cattle were introduced into Denmark in the first decade of the 20th century, George E.
Waring's opinion of the breed was the subject of much discussion. Valdemar Stribolt who was an enthusiastic advocate of Jersey cattle in Denmark believing in one-sidedness in the breeding program, often made references to Waring's essay. Jens Kristian Madsen, who later became adviser and chairman in Danish Jersey, however, blamed Stribolt, that he had overinterpretted Mr. Waring's point of view.
From McCord Museum in Montreal I have received a copy of a letter, written by George E. Waring to Sheldon Stephens, the founder of the St. Lambert Jerseys, in which Mr. Waring expresses his opinion very precisely on the subject.
 
"Newport, R.I.,  Nov 30th 1874  .
Dear Sir I have your letter of Nov 24th, which I was very glad to get. Some day I hope to be able to go on a shorting expedition with you .... As to buying Jerseys, I think you can do as well in the States as in the Islands, and certainly much better than in England, if your standard is, as mine is, first rate dairy quality. The English have imported and bred for form and color, with an apparent disregard of milking quality. I did not see at the Shaw farm more than two animals that I would care to have; and among the importations that have been made from England to the States I know of scarcely one that I consider more than tolerably good. If the standard of your market is the English one of good beefy condition and solid color with black switches, you can probably be suited in England, but there will be some difficulty about getting them entered in the Herd Book, especially if they come from the Shaw farm, for we think that Messrs. Tate and Fowler are dealing a good deal together, and that Tate's pedigrees are more or less open to the question that attaches to everything emanating from Mr. Fowler.                                 
henrytaitportrait.jpgMr. Henry Tait, bailiff at Shaw Farm. Painting by Friedrich Wilhelm Keyl, c. 1867
Capital animals are to be had in Jersey, but prices there have advanced very much. Such as you would want to import would probably cost from £30 to £40 on the island, expence added. I have an arrangement with Mr. Le Gallais, who is the best farmer and the best judge of cattle in Jersey and a truthworthy gentleman, to select for me, and unless you intend to go out yourself, I can probably do as well for you as anyone can, and will undertake the selection, through Mr. Le Gallais, as a business matter if you wish. Probably such animals as you would want would cost to buy, ? an average of (?) 300 or (?) 350 and they would have to be selected in different states if you want so many as twenty which would add somewhat to the expense of shipping. I hope you will conclude to give up the dark points and solid colors and the Shorthorn form and teach the Canadian people what a really good Jersey is. Some of our best animals are without white, but I know of no herd of such whose quality is up to the average. Mrs. Waring joint me in kind regards to your mother and all your family, whom we are so fortunate as to know.
Faithfully yours Geo E. Waring"

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