Catalogue of Paintings of the Domestic Animals in the Agricultural Museum of the University of Edinburgh. Edinbugh. Printed by Neill and Company. 1843.
These are the variety of the shorthorned breed, termed Durhams, brought to the highest perfection of form and fattening properties, by Messrs Charles and Robert Colling of the county of Durham.
The longhorned breed, once the prevailing one of the plains of Ireland, and of a great part of the western and midland counties of England, afforded the basis on which Mr. Bakewell founded the Dishley breed so long celebrated. The latter, although possessing valuable properties, has been long giving place to the Shorthorned and Hereford breeds.
The Hereford is a highly cultivated breed, greatly valued in the districts where it prevails for the fattening properties of the oxen. The breed owes its reputation to modern changes, having been improved by the late Mr. Tomkins of Kingspion.
North Devon breed.
The North Devon forms a beautiful and peculiar breed proper to the district which extends from the Bristol Channel through the high lands of Devonshire, but extending with some change of character to South Devon and the adjoining districts. The oxen are valued for their fattening qualities and power of active labour.
The Sussex is a variety of the Devon breed, but the individuals are of a larger size, and coarser form. As in the case of the Devon breed, the cows are deficient in their power of yielding milk.
Polled Suffolk breed
The Polled Suffolks, usually termed Suffolk Duns, and in the market of Smithfield home breds, are a race of hornless cattle of coarse form. They are hardy and good milkers, but have only in the hands of a few breeders been brought to much perfection of form.
This breed has been found from time immemorial in the county of Somerset. It is distinguished by the contrast of brown and white colours, the white spreading over the body like a sheet. The cows are hardy, and suited to the dairy; the beef of the oxen is of good quality.
West Highland breed
The West Highland breed affords the finest of the cattle of the Highlands of Scotland. The breed was considerably improved by one of the Dukes of Argyle, and the portraits are of descendants of this variety..
This breed is reared throughout all Pembrokeshire, and extends to the adjoining counties. The size of these cattle is nearly the same as that of the better class of West Highlanders.
The improved Glamorgan is valuable breed, of the larger size, of good form and fattening properties. The oxen are well adapted to labou; the cows are suited to the dairy.
The Ayrshire breed has been cultivated chiefly for the dairy; and great attention having been paid to the milking properties of the females, the breed of Ayrshire has become much valued on this account.
The cattle of Fifeshire are usually of a mixed kind, but numbers of them present such distinct characters as to indicate a common origin. The best, and what may be regarded as the characteristic, breed of Fifeshire, is termed the Falkland, and presents an analogy to the Black Dairy breed of Holland.
Polled Angus breed
The Polled Angus Breed is proper to the old red sandstone district, which constitutes the plains and less elevated parts of Forfarshire. The example in the painting is from the stock of a distinguished improver of this breed.
The breed of Galloway occupies a considerable tract of county in the southwest of Scotland. The cattle are much valued in the district where they are reared, and are largely exported to the markets of the south.
This race differs in its characters from the common breed of the Highlands. The cattle are of good form, but small size. This pretty breed has been nearly destroyed by the effects of crossing.
Of the breed termed Alderney, the best are produced in the Isle of Jersey. They are rather to be esteemed for the fine quality of their milk than its abundance. The same race extends to the other islands of the Channel, but those of Guernsey are of larger size.
The Kerry forms a beautiful but neglected breed, derived from the mountainous country of the southwest of Ireland. The cows are hardy, well suited to the dairy, and greatly valued on these accounts by the poorer tenantry and peasantry of the country.
Polled Irish breed
The Polled Irish breed was formerly much esteemed in Ireland, and is yet largely diffused, chiefly in the vale of the Shannon. In size this breed equals the Shorthorned. The cows are used for the dairy.
Wild or White Forest breed. /Chillingham/
The remsins of the Wild or White Forest breed yet exist in the parks of some opulent individuals. They are found in Wales in a state of domestication. In the memory of persons yet living, they were numerous in the county of Pembroke; but they are now generally merged in the common breeds of the country.
Bos Indicus. ..imported from India, by the Zoological Society of London.
These fine animals are of the Zebu race, common in the warmer countries of Asia and Africa.
The Bisons of America are found is vast migratory herds in the woods and savannahs of North America. They are capable of domestication, and may be used for purposes of labour.