The Jersey - An Outline of Her History During Two Centuries l734 to l935, by R.M. Gow. Published by The American Jersey Cattle Club New York, N.Y., l938.
J.P. Marett is considered the greatest breeder of the olden days, and certainly the most far-sighted. He was a member of the first Committee Agricultural Society in the early l860's. He is generally known as having developed the Sultane strain, which has become the life-blood of the breed on the Island. He mated Golden Lass 4th, a granddaughter of Sultane through her sire, to Sultane's Favorite, a grandson of Sultane, and produced Golden Lad. Count Wolseley, a son of Sultane, he bred to Oxford Princess and produced Oxford Lass. He also bred Oxford Daisy, the grand-dam of Oxford Lass. Mr. Marett has been dead these many years, and his only surviving son is more interested in horticulture than cattle breeding; but Sultane blood is still working through Golden Lad and Golden Fern's Lad, whose sire, Boyle, is by Golden Lad and maternally descended from the Fontaines.
Sir John Le Couteur was a prominent man on the Island and used his influence in the inception of the Royal Agricultural Society. Although not himself engaged to any great extent in breeding cattle, he foresaw that there was a great future for the Jersey breed if a proper registration system were adopted, which would foster careful breeding and the elimination of undesirable types; and we find him, at a meeting held Jan. 6, l866, presenting the motion "to open and carry on a herd book," which motion was carried.
Francis Le Brocq 1905
Francis Le Brocq, who died in l929 in his eighty-seventh year, was a pre-eminent dealer for over forty years. He was T.S. Cooper's first buyer. He owned the famous Jersey sire Golden Lad, and his stock were prize-winners at Island Shows back in 1867.
Francis D. Houiellebecq bred Lady Aldan, P.S. 8470, dam of Golden Fern's Noble, P.S. 4570, by Noble of Oaklands. Day Dream 4th, by Aldan's Raleigh, P.S. 4116 (Fern's Golden Raleigh 88238 A.J.C.C.), was the dam of Jersey Volunteer and The Sweep; and her sister, Day Dream 10th P.S. 22429, was the dam of Dreaming Sultan, Dreaming Sam, P.S. 6264, and By Jingo. Jersey Volunteer, P.S. 5354, was line-bred to Lady Aldan, his sire being Golden Fern's Noble.
The Golden Fern family, whose greatest son was Golden Fern's Lad, sire of Lady Aldan, were thus ancestors of Golden Fern's Noble. The dam of Golden Fern's Lad was Golden Fern, owned by Philip J. Ahier. Golden Fern, out of Brown Fern 2nd, a daughter of Brown Fern, was qualified in 1883 by Philip J. Ahier, who at the same time qualified a heifer named Green Fern. Brown Fern won fame as the head of a famous strain, while Green Fern and her progeny passed out of Jersey history. Mr. Ahier was a leading judge on the Island for thirty years. From this herd came Eminent 2d, Stockwell and Dairylike's Majesty.
W.J. Labey, of Grouville, was on the first Herd Book Committee in 1866, and was the last survivor of that committee, dying at the age of ninety-six. Two of the oldest Herd Book families were reared and perpetuated by Mr. Labey - the Mabels and the Fontaines. Mabel, No 347 Foundation Stock, appears in Vol. I of the Herd Book, and Mabel 2d, No 889 Foundation Stock, appears in Vol. II. The latter, possibly a daughter of the former, is the real fountain-head of the Mabels. From her came Mabel 3d, 4th,6th, 7th and 8 th, the last being born when Mabel 2d was eleven years old. The original Fontaine was a first prize winner over Jersey in 1886 and 1888.
J.G. Buesnel founded the Finance-Interest family. Interest, No. 3582 F.S., was approved in 1882. Interested Prince, 58224 A.J.C.C., was her grandson. Finance was Interest's seventh calf, sired by Trial 1187, and thereafter the two strains were developed in the same herd. Up to recently Mr. Buesnel has won championships and prizes over Jersey with animals of both strains, and his present herd consist of animals representing a fusion of the two families, styled Financial-Interest.
Charles Mourant specialized in the Una and Lucy families, and, more prominent than these, the Gamboges, tracing back to Gamboge, Foundation Stock No. 5846. Gamboge has now become a male name (for instance, Sybil's Gamboge), but it was originally borne by the female line. Gamboge's Knight is one of the wellknown sires of this family. The Lucys gave to the world Oxford Majesty, a son of Lucy 18th by Majesty. Majesty 3523, another Mourant herd sire, is a grandson of Oxford Ixia, and therefore an Oxford Bull. The Mourant family is mainly remembered in connection with the Oxfords, though Oxford Lass was owned by the late P.Perredes. It was about thirty years ago that, by acquiring Oxford Ixia, a daughter of Oxford Lass, from Mr. Perredes, that Oxford blood came into the Mourant herd. The Sybils are comparatively a new strain. Sybil's Gamboge was a son of Oxford Sybil, the latter being a daughter of Gamboge's Sybil, a daughter of Gamboge's Knight bought by Mr. Mourant from a farmer in another part of the Island. Charles Mourant probably contributed more to the reputation of the imported Jersey in America than any other Island breeder.
John Arthur, of St. Mary's Parish, was the breeder of two strains from which arose the Day Dream family, a modern one, to which belong The Sweep, by Jingo, Dreaming Sultan and many others. Old Day Dream was out of Clementine 2d, born when her dam was sixteen years old, by Aster, a son of Vicomtesse du Couvent 3d.
Amongst those who helped to build up the breed on the Island were Albert Le Gallais, Mermaid and Tulip families; Francis Le Brocq, cattle exporter and owner of Golden Lad, Wolseley and Farmer's Glory when on the Island; Charles Nicolle, C.F. Dorey, the owner of Khedive's Primrose and Coomassie.
The passage of time has broken up or scattered many of the human families who once were noted cattle breeders. The breeder of a valuable strain dies or gives up up farming, leaving no son to carry on his work. The herd is sold and scattered all over the Island. The cattle family name then disappears or is canged by a prefix or affix. But the blood carries on, and qualities which were developed in particular herds are now acting as a leaven in new herds. Volume XIV of the Jersey Herd Book seems to mark the transition from the pioneer days to the fuller development of the present. In it will be found many strains and many breeders whose names have disappeared from the volumes of today, thirty years later. Amongst these:
The Rondel family, St. Lawrence, breeders of the Benedictines and Young Benedictines, tracing back to Benedictine, F.S. 7448
The Rosebay strain, originating with Rosebay, P.S. 705. Rosebay's Was Wanted, out of Lady Rosebay 8th, came of a branch of the Rosebay family. This strain has been widely scattered on the Island, and descendants are to be found in many herds.
F.P. Hacquoil's Monas were a great show strain in their day, and the Bayleaf family, dispersed during the World War years, was the stock from which sprang Brampton Bay Xenia, whose record, made in Canada, is close to a thousand pounds of fat.
J.E. Bree, in the late 1880's bred Fauvic's Castor and Fauvic's Trifle. His son, T.J. Bree, continues the strain. Fauvic is the name of the ancestral home of the Brees. Col. A. Victor Barnes's Fauvic's Prince 10796 was from this strain, being by Golden Maid's Prince, out of Fauvic's Empress, a cow bred by P.J. Bre'e'
P.J. Bre`e's Coppermine strain was also prominent in the 80's and 90's, the original Coppermine being approved for the Herd Book in 1879. In the days of the twnty-four hour buttertests, cows of this strain were consistent certificate of merit winners. P.J Bre`e was one of the oldest breeders on the Island at the time of his death, 1926. His La Sente herd is carried on by his grandson.
Thomas Falla, St. Hohn's Parish, originated the Cowslips. Cowslip, P.S. 24, appears in Vol. II of the Herd Book, sired by Orange Peel; dam, Brown Fanny. By mating Cowslip to Cicero, Mr. Falla obtained Cicero's Cowslip, and thus commenced a distinguished branch of the Cowslip family, to which belongs General Cowslip. Cowslip 16th, a daughter of Golden Lad out of Cowslip 2d, lived to the age of twnty years. When her name appears in a pedigree, which it often does through her son Cowslip's Golden Noble, she bridges several generations. Mr. H. Falla, a son of Thomas, sold the herd out som years ago, but bought back the last of the Cowslips of his own breeding and is again carrying on with this family.
Francis Le Brocq and John A. Perrée in front of the Niagara Falls in US
John A. Perree, for many years Secretary of the Island Herd Book until relieved by H.G. Shepard, is one of the most widelyknown men in connection with the Jersey breed, and has exerted a powerful influence on its dissemination from its improvement on the Island. He has not founded any famous family, but by far-sighted mating and judicious purchases he has furnished to the breed a number of wellknown sires - first Flying Fox and then from time to time Sultan of Oaklands, Noble of Oaklands, Golden Fern's Noble, You'll Do's Volunteer, Xenia's Sultan etc.